SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT
OF HUMAN CAPITAL
Shajhutdinov R.R., Pecherskaya A.B., Litvinenko Y.A.
THE COURSE “PIANO” FOR STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT SPECIALTIES IN THE TRAINING OF MUSICIANS: HISTORY AND MODERNITY
Abstract. The article is devoted to the teaching of the discipline “Piano” for students-musicians studying various instruments, musical and performing and theoretical directions in secondary and higher educational institutions. The authors give a great retrospective analysis of the formation and development of this discipline in Russia on the basis of historical sources. The topical issues of the educational process at the present stage are considered. The article contains a great teaching material for the teaching of piano. The educational relevance of the course “Piano” is that it develops and aligns a complex set of musical abilities, knowledge, skills, professional competencies of students at all levels of the educational process. Classes in the piano class allow to activate cognitive activity of pupils, to raise the level of their professional thinking, accustoming to generalization of knowledge of the historical and theoretical module. During the study of a variety of musical literature there is an opportunity to form an understanding of style, genre and intonation patterns of musical art, creates a fertile environment for expanding the horizons of the student, which is especially effective in the middle tier-colleges, schools, where the age of students is most susceptible to the formation of value-semantic orientations and professional foundations.
Keywords: music pedagogy, piano for different specialties, training, methods of playing the piano.
FORMATION OF THE MUSIC EDUCATION SYSTEM IN ST. PETERSBURG IN THE XVIII CENTURY IN THE ASPECT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS OF THE ERA THE ENLIGHTENMENT
Abstract.The article discusses the history of the formation of music education in Russia in the XVIII century, which was closely connected with the ideas of the Enlightenment. The European influences (French, German, Italian), which were assimilated on Russian soil and acquired unique national features, are considered. The opening of numerous educational institutions in St. Petersburg is a bright sign of this time. The article also shows the initial period of the formation of the Russian piano school.
Key words. Music, pedagogy, education, Enlightenment, schools, piano.
SECTION II. COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN
PERSON AND SOCIETY
THE PHENOMENON OF SONG FOLKLORE INTEGRAL CONTENT
Abstract. The article is deals with the fundamental questions of the content of Russian song folklore. Based on the ideas of V.N. Kholopova, A.I. Shcherbakova, I.A. Korsakova, A.G. Alyabyeva, the author considers the content as a universal component of human consciousness, manifested, in particular, by means of a folk song as a whole, born as an expression of a popular worldview, inseparable from the specifics of traditional peasant life in unity with nature and on the basis of its laws. All national life is treated as a single ritual, continuing cosmic processes intertwined with the inner psychological life, allowing a person to realize himself as part of the universe and live in unity with all that leads, naturally, to the spiritualization of nature and the cosmos. This determines the phenomenon of the integral musical and ritual content of song folklore, which is largely implemented through the folk timbre. The work revealed an image of a duet of the divine and human beginnings that is latently present in the public consciousness, which is linearly reflected in the structure of the relationship of the refrain and ensemble sequel, and it is believed that these properties of folk thinking must also be taken into account in the process of educating and preparing professional performers of folk song.
Key words: integral content, song folklore, consciousness, meaning, Universe, spiritual space, continuum, human I, timbre.
EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES TO ENSURE THE QUALITY OF GENERAL EDUCATION IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Abstract. The article presents an overview of the educational practices of ensuring the quality of education in large European countries, whose educational systems are generally recognized and most demanded in terms of providing quality educational services. This study appears relevant in the context of implementation in the Russian Federation, starting from 2019, the national projects “Education”, “Science”, aimed, among other projects, at ensuring breakthrough technological and scientific-technological development of Russia.
Keywords. Quality, monitoring, TIMSS, PISA, general basis of knowledge and competencies, assessment, pre-socology.
PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES AND ITS IMPACT ON THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE PERSONALITY OF AN OPERATIONAL NURSING WITH A LONG-TERM EXTERNAL LABOR ACTIVITY
Abstract. Currently, in connection with the increasing number of man-made and natural influences on human life, the profession of a helping type has become the most popular, one of such is the profession of an operational duty officer. When performing professional activities, operational duty officers are exposed to various kinds of extreme factors, which can lead to personal changes both at the physiological and psychological levels. The profession of a duty officer, as a representative of extreme professions, is insufficiently considered in psychological science and requires more in-depth study. Most of the studies devoted to extreme professions are devoted to the study of certified positions (employees of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergency Situations and Disaster Relief; employees of police departments of the Interior); a smaller percentage is devoted to research of civilians. In this regard, it became necessary to describe the professional activities and their impact on the psychological personality characteristics of operational duty officers with a long service life of the state governmental institution “Fire and Emergency Rescue Service of the Stavropol Territory”. The article analyzes the content of official duties and the specifics of the operational staff at various workplaces; the psychological features of the personality of operational duty personnel with long work experience are highlighted.
Keywords. Professional activity, operational duty officer, psychological personality traits, features of professional activity.
Kryuchkov V., Hamidova I., Lopatin E., Svinareva O., Rabazanov S.
RESEARCH OF VALUE SYSTEM OF PERSONS FIRST ENGAGED TO POLICE SERVICE AS A COMPONENT OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL RELIANCE
Abstract. The authors review the axiological approach to professional reliance. Within the approach, value system of police officers are considered as a component of their professional reliance. The objectives of the article are to provide a brief overview of the axiological approach to the professional reliance of police officers, an empirical study of the level of axiological reliance of persons first engaged in internal affairs bodies and the development of practical recommendations for improving its level. Based on a theoretical analysis, the authors identified four areas of research within the axiological approach. Research in the first direction substantiates the importance of the axiological approach for employees whose job is to communicate with people. The studies of the second direction are devoted to the compilation of a model of a professionally reliable employee and its details. The third area of research within the axiological approach is the study of the social determinants of professional reliance. The task of the fourth research direction is to assess allowable deficiency and to establish the professional reliance of a particular employee. Considering the social mission of the police as a service performed “for another” and “for the benefit of another”, the authors emphasize the moral aspect of the professional reliance of persons first engaged in internal affairs bodies. In order to determine the level of professional reliance of the officer group described above, they conducted an empirical study of the value system of this category of persons, which estimated the middle level of value orientations system, but revealed the evidence of its deformation. On the base of the theoretical analysis and empirical research the authors offered recommended practice for professional reliance rising.
Keywords: professional reliance, axiological reliance, psychological health, value system, police officers.
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE SYSTEM PROFESSIONAL FOSTER FAMILY CARE
Abstract. The article presents a brief analysis of ideas about the model of professional activity of the subject of labor. On the basis of these representations the psychological model of system of professional substituting family care which core is the specialist in questions of substituting family care is developed. It is noted that at present in the system of life of orphans there is an urgent practical need to create a new profession with the working title “specialist on issues of substitute family care”. The necessity of training such specialists in the system of higher professional education is emphasized. Special attention is paid to the fact that this problem is considered for the first time within the framework of the professional approach.
Key words: modeling, conceptual model of professional activity, model of system of professional substituting family care, professionalization, professionalization.
Pakhomovа E.A., Ilyushina I.L.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PREREQUISITES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCES OF THE FUTURE LABOR SUBJECT OF THE SOCIAL SPHERE
Abstract. The strategy and practice of improving social work in Russian society among the most significant priorities highlights the increase in the level of formation of communicative competences. The article analyzes the results of research in recent years, which reveal the essential, content, organizational aspects and systematically present the model, algorithm and technology for the development of the communicative competences of future social workers. For the implementation of this goal and the corresponding tasks are proposed actual practical recommendations.
Keywords: communicative competence; the essence of communicative competence; model of development of communicative competencies; optimal communication; level of development of self-control.
PERSONALITY ADAPTATION AS ABILITY
Abstract. Adaptation is a process that a person encounters in daily life and activities. The basis of the adaptation of the individual in the social environment is the adaptive potential. The basic approach to the adaptation of a person as a complex phenomenon connected with adaptation, adjustment to the parameters of the environment in which the person interacts is presented. The article discusses the main content of the adaptation of the individual in the social environment through adaptive models and adaptive strategies. Adaptation is considered as the ability of an individual to apply adaptive strategies plastically, at the expense of existing adaptive models. Substantiates the components of the process of adaptation through the ability of the individual to adapt in different conditions with different parameters shown by the social environment when interacting with it. Adaptation is analyzed separately through the acquisition by the individual of roles in the process of social interaction. Personality is considered as a complete system, which reaches a state of equilibrium during adaptation, the result of which is adaptation.
Keywords: adaptation, ability, adaptive potential, adaptive models, adaptive strategies.
Mertsalova N.S., Meshchankin A.V., Smolovskaya L.B., Tyukov A.A., Mashkova L.A.
FEATURES OF PERSONNEL RECRUITING BY EXPERTS VARIOUS PROFILE
Abstract. An important problem of modern organizations is the determination of effective methods of hiring employees, which would allow to evaluate both the personal qualities of job seekers and professional ones. The purpose of this study was to identify the most effective methods of recruitment in terms of three different expert groups: managers of personnel recruitment agencies, psychologists of personnel agencies, heads of personnel services of enterprises. The study was carried out using two questionnaires, which provided information on differences in the assessment of the basic requirements for recruited staff. The study was conducted in 2017 in five recruitment agencies in Moscow and in a number of commercial enterprises in Moscow. A total of 150 people took part in the study (3 groups of 50 experts each): a group of managers of personnel agencies, a group of psychologists of personnel agencies, a group of heads of personnel services of enterprises. Based on the individual protocols of the respondents of each expert group, an average score was obtained for each recruitment method. The study showed that all categories of specialists tend to consider interviewing as one of the most significant methods. In the same time. HR managers tend to give preference to conversation, while psycho-logs from recruitment agencies consider it the most ineffective method of evaluating staff, and recruitment agency managers assign it to the fourth rank of seven possible. The least effective method, according to all three expert groups, is questioning.
Keywords: recruiting, recruitment agencies, personnel selection method, interviewing, questioning, testing, expert assessment method, analysis of biographical data.
SECTION III. EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-REALIZATION
OF THE SUBJECT OF LABOR AND LIFE STRATEGY
Tuarmensky V.V., Ivanov E.S., Baranovsky A.V., Shibarshina O.Yu.
EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING STUDENTS WITH HEARING PROBLEMS IN A HUMANITARIAN UNIVERSITY
Abstract. The relevance of the article is due to the need to find optimal models for teaching children with hearing problems and to maximize the efforts of the teaching community to study and implement the most successful options for implementing these models. The purpose of the article was an attempt to present the course and results of an experiment on the implementation of training for students with hearing problems. The subject of the work was the fixing of bottlenecks in the learning process of the considered student category and a description of measures to overcome these difficulties. The work describes a set of problems associated with the education of deaf and hearing impaired students in higher education. A brief history of the formation of the main approaches to the implementation of this process is presented. The article presents a modern Western experience in teaching students with hearing problems implemented in the Rochester Institute, the University of Galaudet and a number of universities in Berlin. The originality of the domestic approach to the model of teaching young people with hearing problems is noted and the experience of universities in our country gained in teaching this category of students is described. It justifies the possibility of teaching a group of students with hearing impairments in a higher educational institution of ordinary type and the importance of such an opportunity for the socialization of this category of youth and successful inclusion in the hearing environment. The experience of the Ryazan branch of the Moscow Psychological and Social University, accumulated as a result of training a group of deaf and hearing impaired students who study in the specialty of social work, is described. The analysis of the pedagogical experience accumulated in the framework of training students with hearing problems is carried out, which shows that teachers often use traditional approaches to teach disabled students that do not take into account the psychophysical features of these students. The conclusion is made about the need to change the methodology and forms of the educational process for this category of students. At the end of the work, recommendations are given on how to optimize the process of teaching and educating students with hearing impairments. The results of the study can be applied in teaching students with hearing problems.
Keywords. Vocational education, youth socialization, deaf and hearing impaired students.
IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE FSES
Abstract. This article discusses ways to improve the professional competence of teachers of preschool education in the conditions of the introduction of the GEF AND the implementation of the professional standard “Teacher”, which are aimed at competencies such as the ability to provide training, education and development of children with special educational needs of students, to form an educational environment and use professional knowledge and skills in the implementation of the objectives of innovative educational policy in the field of education of children with autism spectrum disorders. The Federal state standard of preschool education (hereinafter FSES) provides for the improvement of the following competencies in the professional activity of teachers: competence in the competent implementation of the educational process, methodological competence, competence of the teacher in the development and implementation of educational programs, competence characterizing the potential of the teacher in the organization of educational activities, the competence of the teacher in the formation of the necessary conditions for the organization of the subject-spatial and educational environment, competence in establishing positive interaction with parents or legal representatives of the child, research competence of the teacher, competence in the organization of the information basis of preschool children. Some autistic signs, difficulties of self-expression, problems of perception, the use of protective systems in interaction with other people and the conditions of the organization of work with autistic children in preschool are considered.
Key words: children with autism spectrum, the specifics of the construction of correctional work with a child with autism spectrum disorders in modern conditions of preschool education.
Kim Z.M., Korneva G.V., Kostyushina Yu.I., Kozlova L.V., Shishkanova Zh.S.
SUBJECT OLYMPIAD AS AN EFFECTIVE FORM THE ORGANIZATION OF THE INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS NON-LANGUAGE SPECIALTIES
Abstract. The article is devoted to the consideration of topical issues in the organization of independent work in the preparation of a competent specialist who is capable of professional growth and professional mobility. The authors demonstrate the possibilities of independent work on the example of subject Olympiads in the Russian language and culture of speech and Russian as a foreign language, emphasize the advantages of using this type of independent work. Participation in independent productive activities assumes that the student is included in the definition of goals of mastering the discipline and relates them to their real interests and needs. The organization of independent work at a higher educational institution enables students to freely follow the process and the success of the results obtained at different stages of its implementation, to evaluate their achievements and the possibilities of their use in further professional activities. The description of the stages of interfaculty kontetsky Olympiads occupies a large place in the work, it considers information and communication technologies used in conducting the Olympiad, and indicates the possibilities of implementing didactic, methodological and psychological principles of teaching in organizing this type of work using information technologies. Multimedia technologies create new opportunities for the implementation of didactic, methodological and psychological principles of teaching, such as taking into account the level of knowledge of the language, accessibility and feasibility of the proposed tasks, carrying out activities in familiar and comfortable conditions for the student, taking into account the individual psychological characteristics of the individual press, the volume of tasks at a given time), the possibility of presenting visual material, increasing self-esteem, a high degree of motivation. In conclusion, the authors come to the conclusion that the use of information and communication technologies in the organization of independent work opens up new opportunities for the self-development and self-competence of the future specialist.
Keywords. Information and communication technologies, Olympiad, professional communication, motivation, self-study, self-education, multimedia resource, electronic poster.
Litvinova G.V., Ryazantsev A.E.
THE USE OF NAO ROBOT IN CORRECTING A CHILD WITH AUTISM
Abstract. The problem of research is indicated, aimed at finding the best ways of educating and educating children with autism spectrum disorders. A general analysis of correction methods is given. The experience of using a humanoid android robot in the system of psychological assistance to children with autism spectrum disorders, aimed at increasing interest in the knowledge of the world, is presented. The results of EEG studies of the brain in a child with autism are presented.
Key words: autism, optimal path, methods, technologies, brain activity, robotics, robot therapy.
EVALUATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE ACTIVITIES OF OFFICERS IN CRISIS SITUATIONS AS A RESULT OF PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH
Abstract. The problem of assessing the professional experience of a military specialist is indicated, the relevance of which is confirmed by the value of the officer’s experience in resolving current crisis situations. A brief analysis of scientific papers on this problem is given. The methodological and basic bases of the study of the phenomenon of the development of the experience of an officer in training in a military university of the second level of higher military professional education are shown. As a solution to this problem, a system for evaluating the professional experience of officers in crisis situations is considered. Four levels of experience development (orientational, basic, professional and high) are shown, each of which is characterized by certain indicators grouped by previously acquired skills and abilities. The level of professional experience of an officer is determined on the basis of an assessment of his professional training according to the criteria and methodology for assessing theoretical and practical training. The final criterion for evaluating experience is readiness for professional activity, in which the officer experiences psychological comfort, a sense of self-confidence, decisions made and actions taken. The proposed system allows to evaluate the professional experience of a military specialist in terms of his development and forms of manifestation in anti-crisis activities.
Keywords: professional experience, professional training, professional development, professional activity, professional readiness, assessment methodology, assessment system, educational process, pedagogical result, pedagogical research, learning success.
Bezpalova A.G., Legkonogikh A.N.
USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: COMPETENCE APPROACH
Abstract. The purpose of the article is to study the problem of using information and communication technologies in the educational process, to analyze the competence approach to the formation of modern education through the use of information and communication technologies in the educational process, to develop a strategy for forming competencies as a vector to improve the educational process in regional universities. The object of the research is the competencies applied in regional universities in certain areas and profiles, the subject of the research is the processes aimed at using information and communication technologies in the implementation of the competence approach to the formation of the educational process. The actual problem of higher education in regional universities is the introduction of information and communication technologies and technology of their involvement in the educational process in accordance with the requirements of the modern pace of life, the increasing need for information, its collection, analysis and processing in order to obtain highly appreciated knowledge and skills in professional activities. Through the author’s monitoring, the article analyzes the all-Russian competence-based approach to the formation of educational standards, the regional aspect of the introduction and adaptation of the competencies of various areas and training profiles, as well as the actual practice of regional higher education institutions. The authors presented the results of a survey, empirical research and monitoring, revealing a diverse view of the studied question. The results of the study were discussed at the interregional scientific-practical conference of the faculty and young scientists “Theory and practice in the field of commercial circulation” on April 5, 2019 in the Rostov State Economic University, Rostov-on-Don. The results have contributed to the development of variable competencies, adapted both to the regional features of the educational process, as well as to individual areas and profiles that are integrated into the educational process of higher educational institutions in the region.
Keywords. Educational process, information and communication technologies, competencies, higher education institution, curriculum, competence approach, regional aspect.
Fasolya A.A., Guzeyev M.S., Grigorieva M.A.
ON THE INFLUENCE OF DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR ON THE PERSONAL CHOICE OF INDIVIDUAL
Abstract. The article analyzes the destructive forms of human behavior and their impact on the personal choice of the individual. Various approaches to the interpretation of destructive forms of human behavior in society are considered. The understanding of destructiveness as a phenomenon of unlawful behavior that does not comply with generally accepted norms and standards in society is disclosed.
Keywords: destructive forms of behavior, personal choice, aggression, auto-aggression, conflict, deviant behavior, the problem of choice.
SYSTEM APPROACH IN TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHER OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF AN ART PROFILE
Abstract. Training of the teacher of higher education institution of an art profile assumes formation, development and education of the personality, representing specially complete structured and operated interaction process training – the student – the educational organization, directed to formation and increase in level of innovative and motivational competence, according to objectively consecutive and high-quality improvement of set of physical and spiritual properties of the personality.
The solution of tasks is defined by use of system approach in training of specialists of an art profile. Training of specialists of the creative directions of the educational organizations of an art profile is confirmed by recognition by the international community of the Russian school and demand of the Russian experts of an art profile in many countries of the world.
The efficiency of training of future teacher of higher education institution of an art profile assumes system approach at the heart of which are provided multifunctionality, gradualness and flexibility. It provides improvement of professional education and allows to create conditions for use of various educational programs taking into account specific features and level of each student who is available before high school preparation. Mastering professional knowledge, skills step by step helps the personality to build independently own model of preparation that provides a wide choice of opportunities for self-checking of the personality over the volume of knowledge and temporary process of their development.
Keywords: preparation, student, teacher, level of innovative and motivational competence, educational organization, system approach.
Legkonogikh A.N., Popova S.L., Kunshenko I.A., Lubentsova T.A., Dzyuba E.A.
THE CONCEPT OF “INNOVATION” IN SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to differentiate the concept of “innovation” in socio-pedagogical technologies, analyze the approaches to the use of innovative socio-pedagogical technologies in inclusive education and highlight the factors that influence the development of innovations in inclusive education, taking into account foreign and domestic experience. The relevance of the chosen problematic is justified by the ambiguity of approaches to the formation of the norms and rules of behavior of all the subjects of the educational process in the implementation of socio-pedagogical technologies in inclusive education. The object of the research is innovations in the social and pedagogical technologies of inclusive education, the subject of the research is the processes associated with the development of social and pedagogical technologies of inclusive education, aimed at an innovative approach to this direction in the educational sphere. The research methods selected monitoring and analysis of secondary information, including the analysis of university statistics on inclusive education, as well as the author’s survey of students and faculty of the Don State Technical University in Rostov-on-Don. The survey participants are students and teachers of the Social Work Department. The author’s research tasks included clarification of the concepts “innovation”, “socio-pedagogical technologies”, “inclusive education” in relation to the practice of higher educational institutions in the local market. The results made it possible to conclude that inclusive education, both in school and in higher education, is still a difficult issue, often unsolvable due to the lack of specialists in the development of programs that are adaptive to the formation of moral, moral and ethical standards of behavior. young people in establishing relationships between children of different physical, physiological and behavioral forms. In addition to the moral, ethical and cultural factors, the development of socio-pedagogical technologies in inclusive education is influenced by technical, managerial and behavioral factors of internal and external nature. This aggravates and actualizes the problem.
Keywords. Socio-pedagogical technologies, innovations, inclusive education, moral and ethical context, regionalization of the educational process.
Grigoriev S.M., Karasev V.A., Ostanina E.A.
MODELING OF THE MECHANISM OF MOTIVATION IN THE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT PROCESS
Abstract: the Relevance of the material presented in the article determines the need for further development of theoretical provisions in the field of personnel management, more in-depth and substantive study of the system and mechanism of motivation of employees in modern organizations. The authors present problematic issues in the field of formalization and modeling of factors affecting the internal motivation of the individual.
Key words: personnel management, theories of motivation, methods of motivation, motivational mechanism, motivational factor, motivational profile, model of motivation mechanism.
LEARNING MORAL VALUES THROUGH THE STUDY OF HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINES
Abstract. The article discusses some theoretical aspects of the development of moral values by students in universities of the ministry of internal affairs of russia. The specificity of the humanities “sociology”, “political science”, “religious studies”, “professional ethics of ats employees” was revealed. The content of the humanities contributes to the awareness and acceptance of universal human values by students.
Keywords. Moral values, moral education, morality, morality, law enforcement officers, humanitarian disciplines.
Maslennikova S.A., Nepryakhina A.I.
THE STUDY OF THE REPRESENTATIONS OF MODERN YOUTH ABOUT MARRIAGE AND FAMILY RELATIONS
Abstract. The article deals with the transformations taking place in the institutions of modern family and marriage. Psychological studies of modern youth’s ideas about marriage and family relations are analyzed. The theoretical analysis of the existing types of marriage and family relations, and research methods. The article presents the results of the study of the ideas of modern youth about marriage and family relations. The views of modern youth about marriage and family relations at the cognitive, affective, behavioral level are shown. An attempt is made to find significant reasons for marriage, family creation and to study the basic values of young people with different experiences of marriage and family relations.
Key words. Marriage, family, youth, ideas about family, types of marriage and family relations, significant values.