SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT
OF HUMAN CAPITAL
MAIN MIGRATION TRENDS IN IRELAND AT THE END OF XX – THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY
Abstract. The article examines the main migration processes characteristic of Ireland at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. Movement patterns of Irish migrants are placed in a historical context, and a general description of the features of migration processes in the conditions of the Celtic Tiger economy of the 1990s is given. Ireland has a one-and-a-half-century tradition of emigration, which is traditionally associated with the level of unemployment and other indicators of economic difficulties. Emigration remained a feature throughout most of the 20th century, without experiencing the significant impact of short-term improvement in economic prospects in the 1970s. and reaching record numbers in the late 1980s. In the mid-1990s. With the advent of the Celtic Tiger economy, there have been major changes in the migration pattern of Ireland: the country is the first time since the 1970s. experienced a net influx of population and changed its immigration profile to immigration. Earlier Irish emigrants who had accumulated professional experience and cultural capital during their stay abroad, and also had a higher level of education, began to return to the country. Some of the returned migrants encountered difficulties in trying to reintegrate into the transformed Irish Celtic Tiger society and emigrated again, thus creating a relatively new trend of re-emigration.
EVOLUTION OF FOREIGN POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN IN 1991-2015
Abstract. This article analyzes the foreign policy of Kazakhstan in 1991-1995. Geographically, Kazakhstan is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, where transport and communication lines intersecting West and East, bordering two main countries of the world: Russia and China. For Kazakhstan, practically, as indispensable components of an international strategic partnership in all areas are: political interaction and mutual foreign policy support (high level of trust, openness, equality, coordinated position on a number of key international policy issues); economic cooperation (first of all, investment partnership, Important foreign trade turnover); cooperation in the energy sector (The world community looks at Kazakhstan as one of the main sources of energy in the XXI century); safety factor. The government of Kazakhstan was able to successfully pursue a multi-vector foreign policy, balanced foreign relations with China, Russia, the United States, and to a lesser extent, the European Union and the countries of Central Asia. Kazakhstan as a member of such an important international organization as the UN (United Nations), WTO (World Trade Organization), EAEU (Eurasian Economic Union), SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization), G20 (G20), etc., Nur-Sultan (Astana), stressed, maintaining close ties with them in the areas of economy, trade, culture and military security. In general, this period was the time for Kazakhstan’s foreign policy to create certain models of maneuvering and a delicate balance between world centers of power.
TRAINING OF RUSSIAN EXPERTS IN ORIENTAL STUDIES AND RUSSIAN – ARAB RELATIONSHIP IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY
Abstract. Relying on archival data and other resources the author explores in the articles the history of Russian Oriental education standards which contributed to the development of Russian–Arab relationship. Early in the nineteenth century the Russian government was in urgent need of interpreters from oriental languages in the course of implementing certain political tasks as well as establishing ties with Islamic Nations. Visiting professors C.M. Frahn and J.F. Demange taught the Arabic language in Russian Universities with the programme designed to develop grammatical and translation knowledge which did not give impetus to developing communicative skills. In the absence of practical course of the Arabic language as well as some other Levantine languages within the framework of the Foreign office Education Department it was highly unlikely to prepare qualified interpreters to cope with specific requirements of service in the Middle East. It was O.I. Senkovsky and A.K. Kazem-Bek who radically changed educating Russian Oriental researchers. They used both Western and Eastern approaches to teaching the Arabic language. Moreover, they introduced research scientific training and overseas immersion in the countries of the Middle East. Further progress of communicative language education took place due to activities of sheik Tantawi whose pupils became successful diplomats in the Arab World. Together with advancement of both academic and practical training of home-grown experts in Oriental Studies Russian–Arab links were on the rise as well.
RUSSIAN MILITARY AGENT IN GREECE A.P. PROTOPOPOV: HISTORY OF APPOINTMENT
Abstract. The article is devoted to the history of the establishment of the post of the Russian military agent in Greece, and the appointment of the first officer to this position – the General Staff of Lieutenant-Colonel A.N. Protopopov. The reason for this was the Greek-Turkish crisis of 1879 because of the disputed border regions, which is why the Russian military department needed to have information about the Greek and Turkish armies from the scene. It describes Protopopov’s trip to Greece in the fall of 1880, its organization, course and results. In view of the success of the Protopopov mission, it was decided in St. Petersburg to establish a permanent military agent in Greece. The article uses archival sources, reconstructing the course of events and restoring their context.
SECTION II. COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN
PERSON AND SOCIETY
Rostovskaya T.K., Egorychev A.M.
SOCIAL SPACE OF WORLD CIVILIZATION: WAITING FOR NOOSPHERE DEVELOPMENT
Abstract. The present study was of an analytical nature. The article presents a brief socio-philosophical analysis of the problem concerning the development of world civilization in the XXI century, the expected noospheric future. The aim of the study was to provide a socio-philosophical basis for the future of the noospheric path of human development. Based on this goal, the tasks aimed at justifying the need to change the evolutionary path of the modern world community were solved. The world community as a complex super-system is considered, the basic properties and characteristics inherent in it as a super-complex socio-natural system, which determine its survival and development, are identified and substantiated. The characteristic of the modern state of the world community is given, its crisis components are revealed. On the basis of philosophical and methodological messages and theoretical positions of Russian scientists-cosmists, the defining aspects concerning the noospheric future of mankind, which are considered from the socio-philosophical position in the context of modern times, are highlighted. The necessary conditions that will contribute to the active movement of the world community to the organization of a new noospheric format of its life are identified and justified. Solving the set goals and objectives, the authors subjected to a thorough analysis of the conceptual ideas, scientific positions and theories of domestic and foreign philosophers, economists, politicians, scientists and thinkers of the XIX-XXI centuries., concerning both the state of world civilization and possible ways of its development. As a result, we came to the conclusion that the world civilization, despite the huge problems and risks created by it, is at the stage of transition to the noospheric path of development. Another option for survival and sustainable development it simply does not exist.
Akhmedyanova A. H.
THE USE OF INTERACTIVE FORMS AND METHODS OF FORMATION OF HARMONIOUSLY DEVELOPED PERSONALITY OF A STUDENT IN A CROSS-CULTURAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF MODERN SCHOOLS
Abstract. In this article the author investigates the problem of formation of a harmoniously developed personality of the student in the cross-cultural educational environment of modern school. The problem of the formation of a harmoniously developed personality is particularly relevant for the modern Russian society, which by its nature is multinational and multi-confessional. The author of the study argues that it is possible to create a cross-cultural educational environment at school, which would provide intercultural dialogue, intercultural exchange, intercultural experience focused on the cultural development of the individual in order to form a developed sense of tolerance and respect for the ethno-cultural diversity of the Russian society. And in order for such a cross-cultural environment to have an effective impact on the personality of the student, it is necessary to practice special forms and methods of training. Therefore, the author pays attention to the use of interactive forms and methods in the formation of a harmoniously developed personality of the student, since interactivity is already understood as a harmonious interaction of personalities. In this study, the effectiveness of the use of interactive forms and methods of formation of a harmoniously developed personality of the student is shown and proved in the framework of humanitarian school subjects – social studies and law, on the example of certain topics.
Bezklubaya S. A.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY: EVOLUTION TO A NEW QUALITY OF EDUCATION
Abstract. Modern renewal of intellectual resources of our country begins with the upgrading of all levels of the education system. Special attention is paid to higher school and the choice of priorities for its qualitative change: the intensity and efficiency of the cognitive process. The technical university’s student’s understanding of the reasons for the views’ contradictory of our contemporaries on traditional morality, ethics, values, and etiquette is a real necessity, which allows him to avoid illusions and stereotypes in professional activities. The ability of an engineer to team working effectively, to communicate both within his career, and in society as a whole, observing the rules of morality and ethics, develops even in secondary school as part of the study of ethics, especially professional. Teaching professional ethics in a technical university forms the student’s personal and social competencies as an essential element of professionalism. It is important to designate an algorithm for updating the quality of the educational environment of a technical university when students study ethical issues with enhancing the ethical component of educational standards. Moreover, they improve knowledge, possession, skills of future engineers with the need to apply ethical standards in the profession with productive interaction at the moral level of the humanitarian and engineering disciplines.
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF PERSONALITY AS A FACTOR OF SUBJECTIVE ECONOMIC WELL-BEING
Abstract. The article presents an analysis of the influence of the socio-moral orientation of the individual on subjective well-being. The relationship of subjective well-being and socio-moral norms is considered in the context of the material and financial position of a person. Subjective economic well-being is at the same time an element of general subjective well-being and an independent factor that determines the general well-being of a person and the degree of satisfaction with life. In our study, we attempted to establish the relationship between subjective economic well-being, as one aspect of psychological well-being, and personal social responsibility, as an indicator of the social orientation of the individual. It was shown that different types of social responsibility are in different ways consistent with manifestations of subjective economic well-being. Men and women feel differently subjective economic well-being due to the severity of this or that type of social responsibility. Internal social responsibility is most conducive to the severity of women’s subjective economic well-being. Subjective satisfaction is highly dependent on external factors and the assessment of other people in men with pronounced external social responsibility. Women with pragmatic responsibility tend to suppress negative emotions and experiences related to financial well-being. Distant social responsibility contributes to a feeling of satisfaction with the current situation without hope of further growth, regardless of gender.
Zhemerikina Yu.I., Raev K.V., Savka O.G.
INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE AS A BASIC COMPONENT OF THE INTERNAL SYSTEM OF EVALUATION OF THE QUALITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Abstract. The work of a teacher in higher education is divided into a wide range of activities, including creative, educational, research, which makes this type of activity difficult for motivation and quality assessment. The article discusses two ways of motivating teachers: material and non-material. The article focuses on the use of motivation in building a system for assessing the quality of education, to achieve an optimal balance between them, which will take into account the psychological, educational and social needs of high school teachers.
The article addresses the issue of independent assessment of the quality of higher education. The experience of RTU MIREA in conducting an independent assessment of professional competencies as one of the aspects constituting the internal system for assessing the quality of higher education is presented.
Kishikov R.V., Klimova E.M.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CAREER ORIENTATIONS OF THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ORGANIZATION
Abstract. The article presents the results of an empirical study of career orientations of employees. It is shown that the group of executives is characterized by orientation to the following values: management, autonomy, entrepreneurship, power, career, active life, financially secure life, pleasure, independence, education, responsibility, rationalism, efficiency in business. The dominant orientation of value orientations of this category of people is characterized by involvement in the labor sphere. Junior staff identified orientation values such as: stability of residence, punctuality, politeness, cheerfulness, sensitivity, tolerance, honesty. The dominant orientation of value orientations of this category of people is characterized by involvement in family, household and leisure activities.
ESSENCE OF PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS
Abstract. The article presents the currently existing interpretations of the term “pedagogical support”. The purpose of the study is to systematize the definitions of this concept; identify the content and essence of pedagogical support in the context of the education of children with special educational needs. The author examines the phenomenon of pedagogical support of education from the point of view of existing approaches (aspects), which are conventionally divided into two categories: psychological and medical-psychological approaches, social-pedagogical and pedagogical. The author gives interpretations of domestic and foreign scientists (T.V. Chernikova, I.V. Dubrovina, M.R. Bityanova, V.I. Slobodchikova, E.I. Isaeva, L. Binsvanger, R. May, A. Maslow, M. Seligman, etc.) interpret this concept from the point of view of psychological and medico-psychological approaches. The article also presents the definitions of pedagogical support in the context of a socio-pedagogical model (I.A. Golitsyna, Yu.V. Zhegulskaya, D.A. Margieva, M.V. Sinelnik, T.V. Furlyaeva, I.A. Yatsenko, V.P. Bondarev, V.V. Kerroll, A. Tate, D. Bailey, D. Kirkap, M. Moore, G. Kersley, B. Vavlz, etc.). According to the author, pedagogical accompaniment is a set of pedagogical actions, the essence of which is as follows: 1) identifying special needs and establishing the “limits of success” of children with special educational needs; 2) the use of various means of organizing pedagogical facilitative measures to meet specific needs and achieve the “limits of success”; such measures as the creation of a special methodological base for the education and upbringing of children with special educational needs, including with the obligatory assistance of specialists in the field of psychology, medicine, sociology; 3) the constant revision of the special educational needs of children and the establishment of new “boundaries of success”.
Nosov A.V., Nekrasova E.A.
STUDY OF THE ATTITUDE TO MONEY AMONG THE MILITARY PERSONNEL BY THE METHOD OF ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS
Abstract. The organization of military-political work with military personnel at the present stage requires an adequate understanding of the structure of motivation for service activities. Attitude to money, according to many researchers, is a significant component of the motivation of official behavior and activities of military personnel, and also plays an important role in ensuring the psychological well-being of a person in modern society. Understanding the structure, content and composition of subjective perceptions about money in the minds of military personnel will improve the effectiveness of psychological support for military service in modern conditions.
The subject of research in the article is the structure and content of the components of the subjective attitude to money among cadets of higher educational institutions and servicemen of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The study was conducted by the method of associative experiment, which provided a reduction in the impact on the results of the study of the desire of servicemen to demonstrate socially approved forms of behavior and increase the reliability of the results. When analyzing the results of the study, the methods of statistical and logical clustering were used. The paper revealed the main groups of concepts (15 groups of associations) that make up the thesaurus of the subjects in relation to the concept of “money”. Dedicated groups of concepts are evaluated by their significance in the structure and combined into components (“actual incomes and expenditures”, “influence and comfort”, “emotional attitude”) describing the subjective attitude to money in subjects. The conclusions concern the definition of the leading components of this category and the formation of a hypothesis about the further use of the results obtained.
THE ESSENCE AND CONTENT OF THE COMPETENCE APPROACH IN THE CONTEXT OF PREPARATION FOR THE SUBSTITUTE FAMILY CARE
Abstract. The article reveals the integrating role of the competence-based approach, which ensures the unification of all the components of the education process into a single whole, as a result of which the personal position of the future specialist is emerging. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of training specialists for substitute family care from the standpoint of a competency-based approach. It is emphasized that in the system of living arrangement of orphans this approach is considered for the first time.
ATTITUDE TO DEATH (L.N. TOLSTOY, BASED ON DIARY ENTRIES)
Abstract. The purpose of this work was to analyze the dynamics of the relationship change L.N. Tolstoy’s death in four age periods in his diaries. Based on the physiological periodization considered a change of attitude to death in four age periods: I mature (21-35 years), II of adult (36-60 years old), the elderly (61-75 years) and old (76-92 years). There is a percentage increase in the death records, from 0.6 in the first adulthood to 12.9 in old age, which in no small measure contributed to the chronic disease. In the last stages of life L.N. Tolstoy begins to believe in life after death and reincarnation, which contributed to the death of conflict-waiting.
THE ROLE OF THE SUBJECT OF CULTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN SOCIETY
Abstract. The article examines the transition of modern society to a new stage of development and a place in this process of the education system, substantiates the fundamental role of the cultural subject in the development of culture and society in the transition stage. The subject of culture acts here as a transformer of society, being at the same time the subject of human knowledge accumulated by people, skills, and ways of interacting with society and people. The formation of the subject of culture involves the formation of its cultural potential in the process of education. It is the cultural potential that is the resource that allows the subject to carry out cultural activities aimed at preserving the integrity of society and culture in the modern world.
Tarasevich N.I., Khanova E.O.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF HUMANISTIC PEDAGOGY AS A PROSPECTIVE DIRECTION OF THE HIGHER DEVELOPMENT MUSIC EDUCATION
Abstract. Modern man develops in a multicultural world, requiring the formation of certain personality traits. The educational system is undergoing changes aimed at meeting the requirements of society and the labor market for the personality of a young specialist. Higher musical education has been integrated into the field of other specialties and needs to be modernized with a methodological base for teaching modern music that meets the requirements of a diversified development. The introduction of the principles of humanistic pedagogy in the educational process is seen by the authors as an effective strategy for the development of educational technologies. The origins of the formation of humanistic pedagogy and the ideas of humanization of education are considered. The relevance of the introduction of humanistic pedagogical technologies in higher musical education is grounded.
SECTION III. EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-REALIZATION
OF THE SUBJECT OF LABOR AND LIFE STRATEGY
Guzeev V.A., Kamyshanov A.A.
COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF THE DEPUTY COMMANDER OF THE CONNECTION ON MILITARY AND POLITICAL WORK
Abstract. The article deals with modern approaches to the concept of «communicative competence». The author’s concept is presented and the characteristic of communication competence of the Deputy commander on military and political work is given. The assessment of the role of communicative competence of the Deputy commander for military and political work in achieving success in the activities of the official is given.
Karayani A.G., Kandybovich S.L.
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MILITARY
SERVANTS IN DESERT CONDITIONS
Abstract. The article analyzes the peculiarities of the influence of the specific natural and weather-climatic conditions of the desert on the professional activities of military personnel. The main factors affecting the functioning of the psycho-physiological system and the activities of military personnel are highlighted: extremely high environmental temperatures, precipitation poverty, lack of drinking water, vegetation poverty, the ability to create shadows, dust storms, the monotony of the landscape, the practical absence of reference points , poorly expressed protective and masking properties of the terrain, a rare network of roads, the need for high physical costs for marches, equipping combat positions and livelihoods. The processes of physiological regulation of the body in high ambient temperatures are described. The effect of high ambient temperature on the performance, emotions and behavior of military personnel is revealed. The system of measures for the psychological preparation of servicemen for the performance of professional activities in the deserts and the optimization of their psychophysiological psychophysiological states in the course of combat operations is determined.
Gaidamashko I.V., Kattsova A.P.
COMPLEX APPROACH OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT PREVENTION OF TEACHERS WORKING WITH SERIOUSLY ILL CHILDREN IN HOSPITAL SCHOOLS
Abstract. This article dwells on complex approach of emotional burnout prevention. It combines management optimization and personal resources development. There is an overview of Russian and foreign experience. Particularities for teachers working with seriously ill children are described. Based on the author’s research the key resources for emotional burnout prevention are detailed. A complex emotional burnout prevention approach is proposed.
Dontsov D.A., Denisova K.I.
THE YOUTHFUL ATHLETES’ MOTIVATIONAL FEATURES
Abstract. This empirical article addresses the study of the youthful athletes’ motivational features. The athletes are described in four categories: a kind of sports, sex, duration of playing sports, sports rank. 116 athletes participated in this study, their age ranges from 18 to 22 years. The motivation to achieve success (achievement motivation), the motivation to avoid failures (avoidance motivation) and some motives to play sports were investigated. Significantly determined differences between the athletes’ groups were identified.
Luzhbina N.A., Gurova O.C., Podruchnaya D.A., Darenskikh S.C.
PERSONAL FEATURES OF ADOLESCENTS PARTICIPATING IN BULLING
Abstract. The article presents a theoretical analysis of such a widespread problem of educational institutions as “bullying”. The manifestations of bullying are different and affect a large number of children. The impact of bullying can be directed to each individual learner and extend to the entire socio-psychological climate of the group. The root cause of the harassment becomes a consequence, and the consequence of its cause. Many scientists are trying to understand this vicious circle, analyzing existing works and conducting their own research. The article also discusses the results of an empirical study aimed at identifying the personality characteristics of adolescents participating in bullying. The following methods were used in this study: a questionnaire for diagnosing violence and bullying in a Kim Su Jeong school modified by V.R. Petrosyants; test measuring the aggression of B. Bass and R. Darki, adapted by LG Cheat; test strategies of behavior in a conflict situation “K. Thomas; method of determining the level of anxiety Ch.D. Spielberger, Yu.L. Hanina. The study found that the risk of bullying increases due to the high level of aggressiveness of the majority of adolescents and their use of unconstructive behavior strategies in conflict situations. Information about the personal characteristics of students is an important element not only in the appearance and development of bullying in an educational environment, but also in the organization of psychological and pedagogical work on its prevention and correction.
Semenova A.O., Osipov F.M.
ART-THERAPY FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK TO IMPROVE SPEECH, ATTENTION AND THINKING OF 7-11 YEAR CHILDREN WITH DELAYED PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
Abstract. The article is devoted to art-therapeutic program to improve speech of children with delayed psychological development. These children characterized by small vocabulary and general speech impairment, which often expressed as absence of connected speech. As all the higher mental functions are interrelated, speech development leads to development of memory, attention and thinking. This art-therapeutic program targeted to correction of emotional-volitional sphere as well as formation of child’s personality and his values.
CLASSIFICATION OF CRISES AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CONDUCT PILOTS
Abstract. In article the model of crisis situations and their influence reveals on individual and personal features of pilots which establishes that such can be – hard and long work, use difficult modern technicians in the conditions of deficiency of time and information, the forced working pose and limited or excess general activity which significantly influences professional activity of pilots of civil aviation.
Researches showed that in extreme situations mentality of pilots are directly connected with the level of constructibility or disruptiveness of behavior, and suffers changes in a disorder of a post-traumatic stress.